Overview of Global Imports and Exports

Global Imports

The World depends on Global Imports

All countries depend on Global Imports and  international trade to augment their own domestic production. Global imports and exports represent a significant portion of most countries gross domestic product (GDP). As they import products and raw materials that they need they also export the things they have in abundance or that they are able to manufacture to generate a profit and regulate the balance of trade. Global trade has increased dramatically over the course of the last century due to advances in transportation and manufacturing technology.

Regulating Global Imports

Usually countries regulate trade with each other by forming agreements that are mutually beneficial in terms of purchase prices for exported goods and favorable taxation rates on imports. This ratio of imports to exports called a balance of trade and when a nation exports more products than it imports, a positive balance or trade surplus is created. Ideally, the ratio of global imports should be lower than that of exports to avoid a trade deficit. Trade deficits can indicate a weak economy that is dependent on outside commodities.

Global Imports and Free Trade

Many nations are now actively implementing free trade policies in regards to global imports and exports. Free trade is essentially when trading is allowed across international borders without government interference, such as tariffs, taxes, or, in some cases, restrictions. This usually allows true supply-and-demand pricing to develop, as prices are not inflated or kept low artificially. Free trade zones exist all over the world, notably in North America, Southeast Asia (including India), North Africa, and Oceania. The World Trade Organization regulates and monitors global trade.

Top Importers

The current top trading nations or areas in the world are the European Union (particularly Germany), the US, China and Japan. These countries produce and export the most goods and services, and are the biggest consumers of these commodities as well. The biggest global imports are mineral fuels (petroleum, etc.), electronic or electric equipment, large machinery, personal motorized vehicles, drugs and medicines, medical equipment, plastics products, precious metals and stones, inorganic chemicals, and iron and steel.

Risks of Global Trade

Businesses that engage in global imports and exports have the opportunity to profit greatly by delivering the goods and services to areas where they are wanted. However, they do face substantial risks as well. Some of the biggest problems that trading companies face are purchasers that do not pay or they reject goods despite previous agreements. Also credit defaults as well as government or other intervention (such as cargo seizures), and political unrest causing policy changes or safety concerns. Often you will have no control over these events but if you research well you may be able to overt possible problems and avoid high risk situations.

How to Make Money with Global Imports

Anyone wanting to make money with global imports needs to do their homework first. A sound knowledge of economic theory should be bolstered with exhaustive research into the country or region from which they wish to import. This research should include understanding cultural standards and local business practices that may be unique to a particular country. Also to understand fully the needs and wants of the target market. Find a product or service that has a demonstrable, steady demand. Set up the your supply chain, and begin your business.

A global imports firm needs to be intimately familiar with the import/export rules and regulations of the countries in which they do business. They need to know about the current balance of trade, levels and structures of import taxation rules, have contacts in the customs department and ports, and be conversant with the country’s overall economic state. The global imports industry is exciting, fulfilling, and potentially very lucrative.

If you enjoyed reading about Overview of Global Imports and Exports then see our next article about Japan Imports


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